Phat Diem Stone Cathedral is one of the most famous and beautiful churches in Vietnam with special architecture: an elegant combination between Western church architecture style and Vietnamese religious buildings.
If you are a Catholic, a famous Cathedral for visiting in Ninh Binh is Phat Diem Cathedral, which was built between 1875 and 1899 with four roofs and six sets of iron wooden pillars, and consists of a network of ponds, lakes, churches, and artificial caves. On both sides of the church are four smaller churches of different styles. For a long time, the Cathedral has become one important highlights of Ninh Binh tourism that tourist cannot miss when visiting the city.
Main part of Phat Diem Cathedral
The cathedral is one of the most beautiful attractions in Ninh Binh attracting a lot of visitors in the province and other provinces. It consists of five main parts: the Lake, Phuong Dinh, great cathedral, three artificial caves, and stone church.
At first sight, visitors are easily attracted to the square lake on the main road to the cathedral. The lake is shaped in the rectangle with the area of 4 ha wrapped surroundings by stone and it has an island with Jesus Statue in the center of the island.
Phuong Dinh was built with 25m in height, 17m in width and 24m in length including 3 storeys built of schists, and the greatest storey is the first storey built of greenstone. On the top of 4 towers has 4 statues of Thanh Su. The second storey has a big drum. The third storey has a ring with 1,4m in height, 1,1m in diameter and nearly 2000 kg in weight; the ring was molded in 1890.
The middle and upper floors house a large drum and a big bell respectively. As visitors leave Phuong Dinh, they will see a great cathedral which was built in 1891with the official name “Nha tho Duc Me Man Coi”. The cathedral is 74 meters long, 21 meters wide and 15 meters high with four roofs. It was built of 6 rows of monolithic ironwood. Within the cathedral are four small churches of different styles.
Next to the grand cathedral is a stone church with initial name “Nha Tho Trai tim Vo Nhiem Nguyen Toi Duc Me” but now people usually refer to it as” Stone church” because from its walls, pillars, ground, bars to tie beams are made of stone. The inside of the church has many sophisticatedly carved reliefs, with chrysanthemum, bamboo, fir tree and the apricot tree that symbolize four seasons in a year. Three artificial caves were created by small and large stones. To get over the beautiful architecture of the Cathedral, amazing Ninh Binh tour will be the best choice for your trip!
With artistic design and skillful technique, Phat Diem Cathedral is a pride of many local Ninh Binh people. The cathedral always attracts a lot of visitors, especially on the occasion of Christmas. Coming here, visitors will have a chance to admire the unique architectures and learn more about Catholic. It is an ideal destination for foreign tourists. Let’s come to visit the cathedral to know more about the landscape of Ninh Binh Vietnam as well as its specialty.