Cuc Phuong national park was an archaeological place with prehistoric relics about 12.000 years ago. It was found out: graves, stone axes, stone arrows,… etc. In the caverns here it was evidence that prehistoric men lived in this area from 7.000 to 12.000 years ago. In 1960, Cuc Phuong national park was recognized to be a forest reserve and founded by Decision 72/TTG, July 7th 1962 with 20000 hectares of the total area which marked to give birth to the first reserve in Viet Nam. However, nowadays it is determined again with 22.200 hectares of the total area. Cuc Phuong belongs to all 3 provinces, including: 11.350 hectares of Ninh Binh province, 5.850 hectares of Thanh Hoa province and 5.000 hectares of Hoa Binh province.
Cuc Phuong is in the Southeast of Tam Diep range of mountain, a limestone mountain chain from Son La province in the northwest. The speciality of this limestone mountain chain is created in the bottom of the sea about 200 million years ago. This emerged with highly 636 metres and became an attractive terrain in the centre of the plain.
What is more, Cuc Phuong forest also has one of the most important role is protect riverhead of the water reservoir Yen Quang which provides water for life and agriculture of local people. Here has 2 big rivers: Buoi river and Ma river, both of them play an important role in the life of Cuc Phuong’s human, fauna and flora.
About Flora, Cuc Phuong national park was also determined was one of the 7 diversified plant centres in Viet Nam. It has about 22.000 hectares area, in there has ¾ of high limestone mountains from 300 to 600 metres compared with sea surface. Especially, it is peak May Bac highly 648,2 metres.
The climate of Cuc Phuong is tropical monsoon, the average temperature of a year is approximately 24,7 degrees Celsius. The sophisticated terrians, mysteriously- primeval forests, unique landscapes make the speciality and distinct attraction of Cuc Phuong. Moreover, we can also discover a lot of interesting sceneries which has age-old culture history such as: Trang Khuyet cavern, Chua cavern, Thuy Tien cavern, Nguoi Xua cavern, Con Moong cavern, coral cavern,… etc.
Cuc Phuong has really rich flora with about 1.944 types. Noticeably, it has some trees plus-minus 1.000 years, highly from 50 to 70 meters. Especially, the orchid has 50 types, containing both having flowers and fragrances. Currently, Cuc Phuong has become a centre which supplies rare plants, high commercial value; and served the whole country. In the future, it is going to be built and enlarged more and more material facilities to provide many valuable medicinal plants and bonsai to necessary area.
About Fauna, Cuc Phuong forest has the prettily- diversified ecosystem, including: 97 kinds of animal (and Asian monkey is the most special), 137 kinds of bird, 76 kinds of reptile, 11 kinds of fish and thousands of insect. Remarkably, many kinds are in the red Book of Viet Nam and need protecting.
Cuc Phuong national park is a renowned travelling location for ecosystem and environment. There are the reserve centers such as: Cuc Phuong traveler center, reserve animal center, reserve plant center,…; the prehistoric caverns: Nguoi Xua cavern, Con Moong cavern, Trang Khuyet cavern, Son Cung cavern,…; age-old trees; A Muong village; and finally, Cuc Phuong nature. Annually, it attracts about hundreds of people, both foreigners and citizens. Tourists who travel here can discover rich fauna and flora and contemplate breathtaking views, join in Cuc Phuong exploring tours and fascinating programmes. For sure, you would never regret when you came here.